Wednesday, July 24, 2024

Assam’s Raimona National Park records first photograph of Mainland Serow


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Guwahati, June 27: Officials from Assam Forest Department along with conservationists have recorded the first photographic proof of the Mainland Serow, a vulnerable mammal species notified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, in Raimona National Park of Assam.

Region’s premier biodiversity conservation NGO Aaranyak (,  and Forest Department of Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) of Assam, captured the photographic evidence of Mainland Serow in two independent events near the Ganda Bajrum Anti-poaching camp, located in the western range of Raimona National Park, using white flash passive Panthera (New York, USA) V6 digital camera traps, according to a Press release.

The finding is published as a scientific paper on Journal of Threatened Taxa authored by Aaranyak’s senior scientist Dr M Firoz Ahmed, senior conservation biologist Dr Dipankar Lahkar, Nibir Medhi, Nitul Kalita; Bhanu Sinha AFS, DFO of Kachugaon Forest Division, Forest official Pranjal Talukdar, Biswajit Basumatary, Tunu Basumatar,  Dr Ramie H. Begum, Associate Professor, Assam University (Diphu campus) and Dr Abishek Harihar, Director of Tiger Programme, Panthera.

“The discovery of Mainland Serow in Raimona National Park is good news for biodiversity conservation aspects, and we are thrilled by the finding. Our goal is to conserve this species and other wildlife extensively in the national park”, says Bhanu Sinha, DFO of Kachugaon Forest Division

The Mainland Serow population is widely distributed in the neighbouring Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary and the Royal Manas National Park of Bhutan, which may contribute to Raimona National Park’s population recovery.

“We would like to extend our warmest thanks to the National Park Authority for their collaborative efforts that led to the discovery of this beautiful species. There is a wealth of wildlife in Raimona National Park, and the finding of this species is good news for the conservation world”, says Dr M Firoz Ahmed, senior scientist with Aaranyak.

“The Mainland Serow (Capricornis  sumatraensis  thar)  is present across various habitats extending from the Himalayas  on  the  Indian  subcontinent  to  southern China,  mainland  southeastern  Asia,  and    Sumatra. The species’ populations are fragmented, isolated, and rapidly declining due to poaching, habitat destruction, and  habitat  loss.  The lack  of  reliable  data  on  this species’ abundance and distribution makes it difficult to implement effective conservation actions to ensure long-term survival”, says Dr Dipankar Lahkar, a senior conservationist in Aaranyak.

Occasional poaching for bushmeat and habitat alteration  due  to  logging  during  the  ethnopolitical violence are the primary conservation concerns  of the Raimona National Park. With the government now protecting the park, future conservation efforts should consider securing and recovering the species’ population and restoration of the degraded habitats.

(Courtesy -



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